C.O.R.E. Congress of Racial Equality

CORE  – Sumter, SC. – 1962/63
In 1962-63 Frank Robinson at CORE, field director who lived in Sumter, organized a voter registration drive in Sumter, South Carolina. Frank had an office in which he prepared people for the literacy test. The requirements were different for Blacks and White, which led to the voting reform act.
Images of Frank Robinson soliciting people to take the literacy test, of him escorting people to the test, of would-be voters taking the literacy test and either failing or passing the test. Also includes CORE South Carolina leaders

CORE – Columbus – 1962
In 1962, CORE conducted training sessions to teach activists organizing strategies and non- violent protest techniques.

CORE – Freedom Rides, Maryland, Westminster; Cambridge Sit-ins.-1962
In 1962 and early 1963, CORE organized non-violent demonstrations against then- segregated interstate buses and restaurants and other places of public accommodation. The photos are taken, especially in Maryland, along Route 40 and in other towns.

CORE – Tallahassee – 1964
Students at the predominantly Black Florida A&M organized demonstrations against segregated movie theaters in Tallahassee.

CORE – Traffic light – 1963
Brooklyn CORE, along with a broad coalition of community based organizations staged a one-day protest petitioning the City Commissioner for more traffic lights.

CORE – Kingstree, SC – 1963
Frank Robinson, CORE field secretary in South Carolina, organized a protest where hundreds of black voters conducted a stand-in to call attention to their inability to register to vote because of lack of staff and the nature of the registration process.

CORE – Louisiana Voter Registration – 1963
During the Freedom Summer of 1963, CORE organized demonstrations in parishes north of Baton Rouge where there were large concentrations of unregistered Blacks. Photographs of student activists canvassing and preparing potential Black voters and escorted them to courthouses. Includes photographs for EBONY assignment on Reverend Joe Carter, the first Black man to register to vote in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, which was 80% to 90% Black.

CORE – World’s Fair – 1965
The national chapter of CORE and various CORE chapters from the New York area vowed to shut down the 1964-65  World’s Fair in protest against discrimination in housing and jobs.

CORE – Washington, D.C. – 1962
Demonstrations in front of the White House to protest Jim Crow practices in the South.

CORE – Sealtest Boycott – 1963
Brooklyn CORE protested the failure of the Sealtest milk company to hire blacks. The protestors picketed the company’s offices and staged a sit-in in front of Sealtest’s  garages, blocking delivery trucks. The protestors were removed and arrested by the police.

CORE – Brooklyn Board of Education – 1962
A family named Bibulb had children in the public schools in New York As part of a protest over inadequate and unequal schooling CORE staged at sit in at the offices of the Board of Education in Brooklyn.

CORE – White Castle – 1963
CORE organized demonstrations in the Bronx protesting job discrimination at a White Castle restaurant and the hiring practices of the company. It provoked a very racist reaction by the patrons.

CORE – Brooklyn Housing ‘dwell-in” – 1963
Picketing outside a bank that reused to rent a Brooklyn home to an African American family.

CORE – Downstate Medical Center – 1963
Demonstration at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center where CORE demonstrators shut down a worksite in protest of unfair hiring practices.

CORE – Ebinger’s – 1962
Employment discrimination protest at Ebinger’s Bakeries in New York; Photographs of picketers, CORE members negotiating with management and the hiring of black trainees.

CORE – Freedom Walk – 1963
On April 23, 1963, a lone postman marching through the South protesting segregation, carrying a plea he hoped to hand-deliver to Ross Barnett, the segregationist governor of Mississippi, was shot and killed while marching alone near Attalia, Alabama. Members of CORE and SNCC continued his march through Tennessee then were stopped and arrested at the Georgia border.

CORE – Operation Clean Sweep – 1962
“Sweep-In” where CORE members and volunteers collected trash from all over Brooklyn and dumped it on the steps of Borough Hall in Brooklyn in protest of inadequate garbage collection in the Bedford Stuyvesant community.

CORE – New Organization Leaders
Photographs of the leadership of the Congress of Racial Equality, mostly in the CORE offices in New York City, in the 1960s. Includes images of leaders like CORE Chairman James Farmer, photographed in the offices and in the field, as well as Floyd McKissick and others.

CORE – Howard Johnson-North Carolina
Photographs of compilation of training sessions and protests against segregation in public accommodations at Howard Johnson restaurants in North Carolina. The protests were led by CORE Field Secretary James Carey.